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Europe is a continent of long cultural history, where land use, hunting and fishing have become embedded in traditional practises. It once harboured a large diversity of wild species in its terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecosystems. But ever since traditional practises have been replaced by industrialized agriculture and fisheries, this biodiversity has been strongly declining. However, some lessons have been learnt and some hotspots remain. New policies and education tools have been designed to improve the coexistence of people and biodiversity. Many countries could benefit from these programmes and avoid mistakes made by others. As pressures on natural resources continue to increase worldwide, the European experience could be seen as a case study for the global nature conservation community.
Biodiversity decreases significantly as you move from the tropics to the poles, with distance from sea level in the mountains and from the water's surface inland. The diversity of species is facilitated by factors such as heterogeneity of the environment (landscape and resources) and climatic fluctuations (changes in temperature and other indicators throughout the year).
The importance of biodiversity is that it increases the resistance of a species (ecosystem, biosphere) to environmental changes. It also has economic significance: a person actively uses biological resources like food, materials, and raw materials for industry.
When writing a conservation of biodiversity essay, an essay writer aiming at an excellent grade, must note that biological diversity can sharply decrease both for natural reasons (mass extinction of species in the process of evolution) and in connection with human activities.
The problem of biodiversity conservation has received recognition at the level of government leaders and international organizations. Maintaining biodiversity requires the adoption of measures such as the creation of protected areas, the prohibition of the extraction of rare species, the fight against poaching, and the preservation of endangered species in captivity.
The main reason for biodiversity conservation is that it plays a leading role in ensuring the stability of ecosystems and the biosphere as a whole (absorption of pollution, stabilization of the climate, provision of conditions suitable for life).
By studying the needs of biodiversity, deepening our dialogue with stakeholders and all citizens, and looking beyond the countdown 2010, the 2nd European Congress of Conservation Biology "Conservation biology and beyond – from science to practice" welcomes biologists, practitioners, consultants, policy makers, social scientists, teachers and students to discuss, design and disseminate new guidelines, tools and strategies in an attempt to win the race to significantly reduce the loss of biodiversity.
The Programme of all contributed papers is available:
Scientific Programme and List of Posters
The scientific program included plenary sessions, invited symposia, workshops, organized discussions, short courses, poster sessions, and concurrent sessions of contributed oral presentations and speed presentations.
ECCB 2009 plenaries